- Arpachshad or Arphaxad or Arphacsad was one of the five sons of Shem, the son of Noah . His brothers were Elam, Asshur, Lud and Aram; he is an ancestor of Abraham. He is said by Gen. 11:10 to have been born two years after the Flood, when Shem was 100. Arpachshad's son is called Shelah, except in the Septuagint, where his son is Cainan (קינן), Shelah being Arpachshad's grandson. Cainan is also identified as Arpachshad's son in Luke 3:36 and Jubilees 8:1.
- Genesis 10:24 Arphaxad was the father of Shelah, and Shelah the father of Eber.
- Genesis 10:22 The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram.
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