- Tubal, in Genesis 10, was the name of a son of Japheth, son of Noah. Many authors, following the Romanized Jewish author Josephus (1st century AD), related the name to Iber. Concerning the question of the ethnic affinity of the population of Tubal, Josephus wrote: "Tobal gave rise to the Thobeles, who are now called Iberes". This version was repeated by Patriarch Eustathius of Antioch, Bishop Theodoret, and others.
- The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech and Tiras.
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